#NPTechClubATX: 5G: What Is It and Why Is It a Game Changer?

carolynmappleton's picture

Recorded September 7, 2020 by #NPTechClubATX

 

5G will not only affirm the critical role of mobility in our connected world but also expand it, laying the groundwork for a fourth industrial revolution. "This revolution will be powered by technologies like virtual reality, augmented reality, the Internet of Things, automation, advanced robotics and drones, among many others with the potential to remake virtually every facet of our society," notes Top Nonprofits (March 22, 2019).

Current networks cannot always meet consumer demands for data. "During periods of heavy use, consumers may experience slow speeds, unstable connections, delays, or loss of service. The effects can range from annoyances like a streaming movie freezing to life-threatening transmission delays between first responders in an emergency."

For instance, "in the health care sector, 5G could enable services such as remote patient monitoring, consultation, and even remote surgery. In transportation, 5G will be the backbone that autonomous vehicles rely on. A 2017 study from Deloitte estimated, 'self-driving cars enabled by wireless connectivity could reduce emissions by 40-90%, travel times by nearly 40% and delays by 20%.'” 

"The Importance of 5G from the Senate RPC," June 27, 2019.

John Bratcher is Government Account Manager at T-Mobile. He is a strong believer that information is power. "I work on a daily to show businesses and nonprofits how to utilize telecommunication solutions to decrease their operating cost and increase efficiency." Please join us for the timely discussion about 5G!

Chat Log

01:03:32    Carl Webb:    Should we mute our mikes when not speaking?
01:03:53    Dale:    Yes please
01:19:55    Carl Webb:    So how many miles is 100 city blacks?
01:26:18    Jeremy Foreman:    8 ish
01:26:23    Dale:    Great to hear about the attention to digital equity
01:26:28    Jeremy Foreman:    8 blocks to a mile. 
01:27:34    Carl Webb:    How do you measure the 5G divide? It doesn't seem that big.
01:32:40    Devin Ellis:    Have you experienced any research about dangers to humans? Trying to differentiate between hearsay and facts.
01:34:35    Carl Webb:    What's the cheapest 5G device you can get?
01:37:30    Jeremy Foreman:    how do I get info on those to those in need?
01:37:56    Carl Webb:    https://www.t-mobile.com/business/education/project-10-million
01:38:02    Jeremy Foreman:    I'm working to connect school kids to devices THIS WEEK!
01:38:49    John Bratcher:    John.Bratcher1@T-mobile.com
01:40:12    Devin Ellis:    Thanks everyone!
 

Transcript

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Recording

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Yay. Now, I think we're recording. Yes, it's like

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Welcome to the sep tember seventh in 10 minutes squared nonprofit tech club Austin program. We're really excited to have john Bratcher with us today. And he's with T Mobile and we actually met at a tech club program at capital factory pre coated

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Carolyn M. Appleton: And we got to talking and he, I said, hey, you need to talk. What's going on with the T Mobile and all that good stuff. So he was very kind of come up with the topic and to agree to be here. And so we are grateful for that.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Let's see if I'm there we go we are a part of a network of tech clubs across the nation in the world. We're part of in 10 Nonprofit Technology Network.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: And Net Squared, which is a division of tech seat global so we give people watching our videos, who are across the United States. Across Texas, but also

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Carolyn M. Appleton: In other countries, so it's really very nice and our programs are free for all. I'm a volunteer Dale's volunteer. I don't know if we have other volunteers on tonight, but we are totally volunteer and we are grateful for everybody's help to keep it all going and moving forward.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: We are grateful. This year capital factory for the past couple of years has been hosting us free of charge.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: And giving a space and recording expertise and all that good stuff on site. They've remained a partner and we're helping to promote their upcoming Austin startup week in October.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: So we love having them and we're in a constant conversation with them a TV is our primary sponsor this year. And we're really super grateful for their support.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: The if you don't know that they're pretty digital, they have a whole digital division and a new building downtown where that's what they do mostly so

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Carolyn M. Appleton: You may need to check their websites really cool and then train on coffee for many years. Stacey dire whose family owns tree and on has been a volunteer and speaker and she's a tech wizard on around but she's been a sponsor through her family's coffee shop. So we're grateful for that.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: And I just wanted to share these links. So you can look them up later.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Obviously we're live streaming on our Facebook group page and we do share a lot of information not only just ours but you know other events we think might be

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Useful and so there you go back to that.

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Yeah.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Now I'm going to share John's screen.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Here we go.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: All right.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Okay, I'm going to share my screen already. Let's see here.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: And I am working for john Bradshaw at this moment in time now.

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To

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Need to just get to the presentation mode so we can let him speak about that also john please

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Let us know about your background.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: You know, and, and have your interest in your in Austin and all that good stuff. And then just order me around tell you to go to the next slide, or whatever.

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John Bratcher: Okay, well hey I started to say thanks but for give me an opportunity to chat with you guys today we're we're excited what's going on and technology right now.

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John Bratcher: A lot of exciting things. So we'll, we'll kind of talk my introduction to tech I'll kind of talk about my background how I how I landed in in Austin, Texas and and in technology will talk a bit about network history from probably 3G and beyond. So 3G, 4G, and then now on 5G

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John Bratcher: And then we'll go into wise 5G relevant today and some of the use cases that we're seeing already, and then we'll also dive in a bit about, you know, IoT

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John Bratcher: Excellent.

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John Bratcher: So in

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John Bratcher: In 2011

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John Bratcher: I was I graduated from University of Wisconsin with a double major in finance and economics. And so I had aspirations to work on Wall Street or the Chicago stock exchange.

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John Bratcher: Well, when I graduated. Is that the end of the subprime lending bubble right 2011 so the financial market with in disarray. So, so my dreams of working on Wall Street.

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John Bratcher: wouldn't come to fruition, right, because, you know, there weren't even does banks were talking about closing doors and me and many of my peers who graduated at that time were having trouble finding jobs within our dedicated field.

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John Bratcher: But I've always had a passion for Technology Center that thank you and Atlanta and so I turned to that. And I actually landed the role

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John Bratcher: I was a retail associate

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John Bratcher: Sales Rep with sprint and and and that's what you see in the picture there.

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John Bratcher: And I move quickly through the ranks in about 18 months promoted three times to run on the largest organ in the nation.

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John Bratcher: In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, so

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John Bratcher: I learned early that you know wireless and communication was was really dynamic and it was changing the industry at the time.

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John Bratcher: When you know my

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John Bratcher: my early years with sprint. I was seeing that, you know,

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John Bratcher: Even transitioning. I didn't have a smartphone myself. I had a I think

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John Bratcher: It was a razor is what I had in my first year of sprint, but I've seen that the computing power of that device in your hand and what you could do with it was really changing the landscape of the world.

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John Bratcher: And mobility was really the way of the future.

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So,

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John Bratcher: In 2013 sprint had some financial woes and they 70% of the company was acquired by

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John Bratcher: A Japanese company called SoftBank

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John Bratcher: SoftBank had

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John Bratcher: A bit of a different value set that didn't align with mines.

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John Bratcher: My personal values. So at that time point in time, I decided to transition out of spring. I went to Time Warner.

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John Bratcher: And you'll see that I have a history of going to companies who are in merger talks.

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John Bratcher: As we continue through. So I went to Time Warner and I was with Time Warner for about two years, the first year of time order was in talks with Comcast about partnering that failed the FCC and it didn't go through

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John Bratcher: About eight months later charter came to the table and said, hey, we want to partner with Time Warner and that acquisition did go through and so charter acquired Time Warner and my job role was eliminated.

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They eliminated. My market.

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John Bratcher: So I then transition to Cox business in Southern California and doing the same role for about two years and some of the lessons I learned kind of transitioning from wireless to wireline was, you know, dedicated internet services fiber optics.

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John Bratcher: PR and SIP trunk King and point to point services. So it was a, a, an amazing education and technology. I would say I probably got as much as a four year degree.

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John Bratcher: from company to company.

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John Bratcher: And about, about three years later, T Mobile gave me a rant. One of the recruiters talking about hey john we have an opportunity for a new team that we're bringing to Austin, Texas.

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John Bratcher: And like many of you at the time, three years ago. I didn't know. I didn't hear T Mobile. I didn't know what they offered on the business side.

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John Bratcher: But they said two key elements. They said, We currently have less than 3% market share. Now, and we currently have two reps covering roughly about two to 3 million people need help.

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John Bratcher: And so I relocated my family down in Austin, Texas. And, you know, I've been here ever since. So it's, I was working in the small to medium business space for the past three years, and I've recently got promoted to a Government Account Manager. I'm really excited about that because

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John Bratcher: In as a Government Account manager I deal with digital and equity. We also deal with public safety and then community engagement. And so I have

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John Bratcher: A dedicated working with nonprofits and public entities here in Central Texas. So you can go to the next slide.

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John Bratcher: So as, as I said earlier, I have a history of covering the companies that are in merger talks so in April 1 of this year sprint T Mobile came together.

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John Bratcher: And it was really an amazing partnership. One of the things that sprint struggle with is

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John Bratcher: They had boatloads of spectrum which is areas and capacity of network that they couldn't build on because they had cash flow issues.

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John Bratcher: While T Mobile was an aggressively growing company, they were running out of space where they can grow into. And so they were able to take some of those sprint assets and utilize them and and we we

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John Bratcher: We've been on a mission to to offer the first nationwide 5G network in America. And so that that was the biggest selling point. And if you heard a our CEO, he was dead set on really bridging the gap and providing equity for all access for all has always been a mission and got an excellent

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John Bratcher: So the new t mobile as we like to call it now or

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John Bratcher: Is over the next six years is going to have 14 times the current capacity has right now.

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John Bratcher: In in over the next six years can be eight times faster on average for consumers. So that's going to be a average download speed of 450 megabits per second.

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John Bratcher: And the big point is a providing 5G connectivity for all. So we're currently have roughly about 285 million connections, where we're providing 5G capacity and we've we've really rolled out different spectrums to to really address these concerns because

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John Bratcher: As you as you see in today's market five g

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John Bratcher: Is, is it's some of the tests has showed early that he was very spotty because of the dense network. So you're seeing it in, you know, really urban areas, but rural America is really struggling and that is something that our company is geared towards providing equal access for all so

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John Bratcher: Next slide.

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John Bratcher: Oh, we're going to talk here. A quick bit about the evolution of technology. And so, and I'll start probably in the 2G, 3G space and we'll skip the analog for now.

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John Bratcher: But we've probably all remember in the early 1990s, where you had a messaging plan right and free nights and weekends.

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John Bratcher: And you had to manage your minutes and overages and and and data. And so that was really on a 2G platform 3G was instrumental because it provided

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John Bratcher: A mobile device, the computing capacity for you to browse the internet and, you know, do, do, do some some basic connecting

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John Bratcher: Some of the challenges and 3G was video capacity so zoom calls and a lot of things that we do right now is all kind of predicated on the 4G network.

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John Bratcher: So in 2008 4g and IP and cloud broadband came to play and it really opened up the

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John Bratcher: The mobility aspect. Right. And you even see some companies like Facebook and Netflix, who really benefited from the implementation of 4G network because now what was in a stationary

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John Bratcher: device you have brought in writing it out. You can watch it Netflix, you can do your browsing, you can do shopping groceries everything on your mobile device. So it is really changed the landscape.

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John Bratcher: And now five g really blows the top off of it, taking it to the next level. So one of the core competencies of five years, you're going to see gigabit throughput and so gigabit throughput on a mobile device.

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John Bratcher: Is unheard of, really, you know, on average, on the 4G network you're getting, you know, anywhere from a 1010 megabit connection now. So you're talking about 20 times

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John Bratcher: The type of speed which is going to be essentially data transfer in real time. So when I talked about my time at Time Warner selling fiber optics.

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John Bratcher: Which was a data transfer through light. And so when you're talking about 5G connectivity can be very, very relative to that, you know, data being transferred in real time with zero to no latency.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Next one.

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Yeah.

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John Bratcher: Well, yeah.

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John Bratcher: Yeah.

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John Bratcher: What could a 5G future bring right and so some of the things that we're excited about is is really bringing competition to the marketplace.

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John Bratcher: And if you look at the bottom of the slide and talk about some fit fix Network Solutions. You know, right now, average American household

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John Bratcher: high speed internet in a rural area is around a 50 megabit connection. Could you imagine if they had a gigabit throughput where they could literally go outside of their home.

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John Bratcher: And, you know, have access to everywhere. They want to do work or play so it really broaden the escape of your capabilities for all you know so

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John Bratcher: One of the thing that that is has been impacted us all through the pandemic is a digital learning. If you have any little ones, right. And so some of the challenge some of the challenges with digital learning right now is that

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John Bratcher: Feel that kids aren't getting the same kind of the same kind of throughput that they would if they were actually on campus.

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John Bratcher: Well, some of the things that 5G allows is a virtual reality or augmented reality. So I want to take you with me here.

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John Bratcher: So if you can imagine that your kids sitting next to each other in a virtual reality classroom looking at each other, physically seeing each other.

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John Bratcher: Doing equations on the board or learning from the teacher without physically being there. So that's what the type of technology that we're talking about, you know, automated driving

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John Bratcher: And drone delivery technology through the zero to no latency is something else that you know you, we could only imagine you know growing up, you know, through the 80s and 90s of technology like this.

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John Bratcher: Or real time translation. So imagine going to China and having a conversation and it was translated for you because of the zero latency, you understand everything the person that you were talking to was translated back in English and your native tongue so

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John Bratcher: It's really amazing technology that

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John Bratcher: Comment so

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John Bratcher: And is here right now. So we go to the next slide.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Should I do. Next slide.

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Yes.

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John Bratcher: Though some, some of the challenges of a 5G connection is that

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John Bratcher: Even though it provides such a robust connection, it only works in a small area we're talking about maybe 100 blocks or not even hundred blocks, probably more like 20 to 30 blocks.

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John Bratcher: And anything can really MP your connection string. So for example, if, if I lived in on a farm or on a ranch and there was a big old tree, even if there was a 5G tower, you know, a mile or two down the road that oak tree could

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John Bratcher: Really take about, you know, 15 to 30% of the speed the data speed that I could get if it wasn't there.

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John Bratcher: So we've done tests where we said, hey, old tree no arbitrary and we've seen pays them. I guess visas, as far as 750 megabytes to 200 megabytes because of the tree kind of impeding that signal going through

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John Bratcher: The house. And so if you look in 2007 is on this network innovation. We spent about we purchased about 45% of the 600 spectrum at auction.

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John Bratcher: And this is what we, kind of, you know, built our 5G around. So we take a layer preacher a layer cake approach at our 5G, and this is how we kind of really tackle that challenge because when you're talking about network.

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John Bratcher: It's essentially radio signals you know we like to use the term FM and AM radio right and FM works really good in the city.

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John Bratcher: But if you go farther and farther out, you get choppier you know right as, as opposed to, I am which works really well in a in a in a rural area. And so what we did was we purchased different levels of spectrum.

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John Bratcher: That we built our network on so that we can say for everyone. Right. So it's not just running it off on one spectrum because we know that those in rural areas would have challenged with this connection.

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Can go to the next slide.

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John Bratcher: Well, yeah. So right now, our 4G LTE was covering 320 7,000,099% of American population, this, this slide is actually own

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John Bratcher: The numbers already changed, though it says 250 million covered by five g, the numbers close to 300 already. So our goal by by 2021 is for our 4g and 5g numbers to match. So 99% of Americans and and we really

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John Bratcher: Put our put our foot in the sand about a six year commitment to make sure everybody has equal access

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You go today.

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John Bratcher: So I talked a bit about our Layer Cake, cake approach here and this is kind of breakdown of it. So if you look there at our lower frequencies that are 607 hundred spectrum.

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John Bratcher: So they have a transmission where it reaches wider areas. So most cities are our most urban cities are you really isn't mid frequency band that 1900 20 102.5 gigahertz.

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John Bratcher: It transmits data faster, but it's in a target.

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Area.

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John Bratcher: And then the ultra high frequency. The 2028 gigahertz 5G only

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John Bratcher: Is

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John Bratcher: Transfers data at a very high pace frequency. But, again, has covers challenges. So we we've

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John Bratcher: made all of these spectrums interoperable, meaning they all work together on one mission. So, meaning that, for example, if you had a 5G device and

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John Bratcher: And you're in an area that that that did not have some of these frequencies that will pick up on the most available frequency for you to have a connection. And so if you go to the next slide. I think it talks a bit about that.

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John Bratcher: Yeah, so

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John Bratcher: We use a. It's called dual connectivity, which is the standard allows for interoperability with 4G devices.

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John Bratcher: Now we do also have some standalone 5G devices that were coming to market. But, you know, with the mission being connecting everyone. We know that, you know,

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John Bratcher: We needed to create a cake big enough to fit everybody on and so we could not just use

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John Bratcher: The 28 gigahertz spectrum which is the 5G only frequency to support everybody on the 5G mission. So, even those who are picking up on some of those lower frequencies are going to see as I talked about the average being 450 megabytes.

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John Bratcher: per user in the next six years. So we've got it.

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John Bratcher: So the future of 5G, as we talked about kind of gigabit speeds 20 times the current rate of 4G connectivity.

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John Bratcher: And 5G really promise to promises to

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John Bratcher: To provide reliability and efficiency and you'll kind of see some of that when we dive into some of the IoT capabilities.

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John Bratcher: So go to the next slide.

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John Bratcher: So that the Internet of Things. So connections are are growing rapidly and with this connectivity. A 5G, we have created another backbone to provide even more connections per city government

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John Bratcher: local entities and just consumers as a whole.

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Can go to next slide.

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John Bratcher: So in 2020

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John Bratcher: gardener reported that there be 700 million endpoints in IoT and the values are trending up and up and we're finding use cases. Anywhere from, you know, smart reader to smart city. You guys have probably heard that term before.

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John Bratcher: But what

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John Bratcher: Some of some of the different

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John Bratcher: Some of the different solutions that we're seeing will will cover him the next slide.

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John Bratcher: Though

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John Bratcher: Though on this slide, we really talk about narrowband IoT. And so what we did with all the spectrum that we that we bought in that we use. We found

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John Bratcher: We found that there's a way to be even more you fit. And so we took a sliver of that spectrum and created a space for only IoT devices Internet of Things devices. So think about, you know, running on

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John Bratcher: Driving on the expressway

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John Bratcher: And you got an H o v. That's what we've created

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John Bratcher: For these devices to connect on

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John Bratcher: And they're going to be power going four by five g and some of our other investment and

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Next slide.

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John Bratcher: Yep. Next one.

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John Bratcher: So what we talked about IoT use status.

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John Bratcher: Think about Mark waste management, if you had a breath.

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John Bratcher: Alerted Fast Company every time to camp.

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John Bratcher: So instead of that, you know, pick up days was scheduled on bill if they have it within point in the air and let us know.

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John Bratcher: So we have things as far as, you know, smart parking, which we've already seen some of this that let you know in the picture here that the green light that though they're a little party.

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John Bratcher: billet knows when it leaves it

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John Bratcher: Just really picking up that pace in that area, providing

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Next, you want the next

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John Bratcher: Slide. All right.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Sorry, just

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John Bratcher: Go with our with the narrowband IoT, which is really going to be power from five g talking about enhanced security better battery better battery life out of devices.

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John Bratcher: Optimize data usage and buffered message mobile message, though. It's really we're really going to see a bass growth in this area. I believe in the next one.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Next,

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John Bratcher: So these next two slides are going to talk about this just brief coverage maps. This was in 2019 you're going to see last Swiss cheese there right in areas where there there was not connectivity. If you go to the next slide.

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John Bratcher: You can already be paint this right

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John Bratcher: So substantial growth.

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John Bratcher: In in this dedicated spectrum.

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John Bratcher: And will be even more here on 2000

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Carolyn M. Appleton: So impressive. Yeah, next time.

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Yep neck.

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John Bratcher: So,

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John Bratcher: So,

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John Bratcher: We're building a portfolio of solutions to enable IoT by connectivity and networking from consumer IoT industrial IoT and really developing solutions that's dedicated for the community.

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John Bratcher: You go to the next slide.

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John Bratcher: Though at T Mobile we've we've really taken a out of the box approach and really leading the evolution of government and and on a consumer level as well really committed to

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John Bratcher: The to the process as a whole, you know where we're all involved, and every day, nobody left out of the next iteration of technology.

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John Bratcher: And

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John Bratcher: I

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John Bratcher: Think we have some questions in the chat.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Okay, great. Let me get back up here to the top.

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Let's

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See

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Here we go see what's going on.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: I love this picture, but oh here we go. I'm gonna just go back to all of us talking

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Okay, where's that check. Here we go.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Okay.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: How many miles is 100 city blocks.

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John Bratcher: Yeah, I can. I can get you the the miles. I don't know off top of my head of how many my

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Here's my prior work with nonprofits. First of all, for 10 years I worked in South Texas with ranchers on and I mentioned kings will Texas St. Louis and kings bill down there and also welder wildlife.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Foundation and refuge in sentence and, you know, for all those researchers conducting research out on all those properties and cattle ranchers and farmers cotton farmers all that

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Carolyn M. Appleton: You know connectivity is the is an issue, you know, in fact I was advising somebody at welder Wildlife Foundation, like who who does even provided this

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Service and I saw the Texas map you have that was that area is all pretty solid pink, you know, but

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Carolyn M. Appleton: They need to get the message or something. I would say this, he think

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Like cattle ranchers and farmers and while I recent searches. They're kind of like oil, you know, they're not very sophisticated, but really

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Carolyn M. Appleton: They were using technology, long before a lot of others in the cities were because they had to manage big properties from long distances. So they kind of adopted technologies to be able to communicate all over. So, and I would say also with the food system situation today.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: You know, there's just a need for more communication, for sure. And I actually helped at the very beginning, establish the King Ranch Institute for ranch management and got that through the Board of Regents and

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Kind of set up at the start.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Anyway, all I can say is they need to know they need this particular slideshow.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: They need to know how it's gonna affect them because they can then take it and share it with those. They're teaching to do better wrench management.

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John Bratcher: Yeah, one of the things that we've done actually is. We weren't we like oil rig companies.

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John Bratcher: To provide the ground drilling in mining

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John Bratcher: Reports and data and that a lot of that is done through kind of a some of the IoT solutions because it picks up the meters and sends back censoring. One of the big projects that we're working through different the different studies through the pandemic has been

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John Bratcher: Tanner's so there's enters in different areas that you can read temperatures or for social social distance thing and horsemen

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John Bratcher: Letting them know you know I learned the police or authorities of hey, you know, we have 30 people in one area.

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John Bratcher: Not hiding to social this guy like so. Some cities have implemented that that really in Texas has been done. I think we did a project in Florida.

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John Bratcher: And then in California. Well that we've done and kind of helping that and even at a school at school kids go back to school practicing the social distancing practices have scattered throughout school to help you know MEET. MEET THOSE

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Carolyn M. Appleton: You know Carl Webb says how do you measure the 5G divide divide it doesn't seem that big. I don't know quite what that means, but

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John Bratcher: So right now it 5G is

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John Bratcher: Growing aggressively. Right. And so, and, and you would have to have a 5G capable

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John Bratcher: Device.

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John Bratcher: To really be able to access the network those the chips that and so it is 5G is measured by frequent of your device doesn't have a frequency being in the device you're not going to pick up on the 5G connect, even if you even if Bob, you say point

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John Bratcher: But one of the things that we are seeing is that

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John Bratcher: Cost of devices have nationally

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John Bratcher: As an anything and technology. You know, if you remember point from a player to CD player plasma TV LED TV those first iteration. Very good. And then as you got into, you know, the next year or three year model. These are seeing that you could get nail TV or TV for relative cost as

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Carolyn M. Appleton: You know, another sector that I've worked a lot with including with tech soup is disaster preparation and recovery.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: I actually worked in Austin for six months. Does help set up a physical office for Texas search and rescue, which is a volunteer.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Rescue program that's fully trained just like first responders are you and they are activated by government agencies, when they need that backup.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: And they follow those protocols and and also then back to tech soup and I did a disaster preparation curriculum, working with a team that was really great there but

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Carolyn M. Appleton: The use of drones was like just it bad and disaster of sin and being able to send drones in to be able to identify, but more connectivity.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: And be able to get to people in remote areas who are stranded on their roofs wherever they are. I mean, we just need that more powerful network that can get, get that job done and

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John Bratcher: The buying and selling experiences is really changing. And one of the things that

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John Bratcher: I have family you know out in Jamaica. And so if you can imagine the technology were drawn could go survey land and let you know of earthquake or know what's happened in Haiti.

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John Bratcher: And let you know hey you know it's already can read temperatures or maybe even forecast beforehand for preparation like disaster recovery record this information back so that planning can take months, you know, the format for that price.

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John Bratcher: Is

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John Bratcher: Really amazing what is the one

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Carolyn M. Appleton: In with the Lebanon. The Beirut blast recently I noticed they were doing temperature readings and I don't know how they do that heartbeat, trying to find heartbeats and they finally brought all the search to conclusion but they

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Found that so interesting that they were targeting people buried in the rubble, to see if they could rescue them.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: You know i mean to search and rescue where they have the dogs train dogs, you know, with the super sharp sense of smell that can find people like that but it it's just interesting to see that technology kind of get advance. So it's kind of coming into use. Now, but

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John Bratcher: Oh, I see a Devon has a question.

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About

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John Bratcher: dangerous to human with I imagine microwave and

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John Bratcher: Frequencies.

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John Bratcher: No, I don't have any research or facts in regards to to, you know, but they are. I know that that port from technology.

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John Bratcher: That I know that you know the devices that we do that we use to admit, some kind of radiate or know your hotel community or bottle. I don't have any concrete.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: That would be a good thing to

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Carolyn M. Appleton: For tmobile to share or somebody to share because of wild life impacts. This is one of the big things in South Texas where you know the coast South Coast is really a great hotspot for winter.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Now the wind turbines are whacking birds and migration. That's a migratory flyway so

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Carolyn M. Appleton: We're experimenting with painting.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Those turbine blades and that seems to be helping right now, but a lot of people were so mad. They were like, take those turbines down because they were like buzz saws, you know, but, uh,

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Carolyn M. Appleton: I don't know if there would be an impact on animals and plants or anything, you know, but if that is something that'd be kind of interesting to know

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Carolyn M. Appleton: And I've seen people research do some real good research on

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Carolyn M. Appleton: You know, like literally with the wind turbines. They do say the vibrations and all that have an impact, but they literally would go in the mornings early before sunrise and before the little critters can go and pick up the dead birds at the base turbines encounter.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Same with with inner city.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Skyscrapers skyscraper impacts the birds sometimes don't see the glass and they hit it and they knock themselves out.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Yeah, but the counts were really hard to do because the little critters would come and go. Well, I had to

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Go get burns down here is

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Carolyn M. Appleton: really rare warblers, I'm going to have my little breakfast you tackle. So it's a they've learned how to adjust to that. But that would be something to to

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Learn more about what's the cheapest five d device you can get

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John Bratcher: I believe the cheapest five d device that you can get is in the realm of like probably 250 to 300 bucks.

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John Bratcher: Unified

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John Bratcher: Yeah, and. And actually, one of the things that you're going to, you're going to start seeing here in the next quarter is five g hot capable hotspots and then I G computing laptop, though, which

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John Bratcher: Is gonna be like I said you're you're connected at the speed of light with with the latency and having a connection like that is going to be amazing. When it is fully integrated so

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Talk about the 10 million is it. It's called that the initiative, like just two days ago.

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John Bratcher: Yes.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: I was like, whoa. That is so cool.

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John Bratcher: So project 10 million is something that's near and dear to my heart. Like I said, we do a lot of work with digital equity and so project 10 million, we have two initiatives that I'll share the project 10 million is initiative where t Mo, who had committed to providing

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John Bratcher: 10 million students with

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John Bratcher: A connected reconnected meaning of device and internet at no cost. And so this

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John Bratcher: The school district has identified a bulk of students and Timo say this is how many state has meant have allocated lines that they can get for the total state think Texas is 170 5000 students and families can be connect

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John Bratcher: at no cost.

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John Bratcher: So yeah, and so that's that's going into 2021 and then we have our connected heroes project where we we made an investment of about $10 billion in providing

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John Bratcher: free or reduced connectivity to first responders police and firefighters. So that's another good investment finance merger post merger that

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Carolyn M. Appleton: If you have information like link information to share, I'll, I'll send all this out to both the ranching community that is looking for more connectivity out there and

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Also the search and rescue people. The first responders.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Yeah, but I'm sure they would love to know all that they may know it but you know I'm saying it's nice to

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John Bratcher: Share that

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John Bratcher: Yeah definitely information.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Shared on LinkedIn or something.

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John Bratcher: Okay, yeah. Yeah, definitely. And we've done

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John Bratcher: Some partnerships with Boys and Girls Club of Stanford, Texas. We do goodwill Central Texas. Those are some are big one.

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John Bratcher: That we do from a nonprofit nationally

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John Bratcher: And then we work with some of the local charters as well.

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John Bratcher: Though

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Well, is there anything about it says Jeremy FOREMAN. I'M WORKING TO CONNECT school kids to devices, this week.

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John Bratcher: Jeremy, we will connect I let me I'll put my email if you want, and then I can send them some if he wants to send me

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John Bratcher: You can just email me directly.

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Yes.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: There you go.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Oh, there's Jeremy's email.

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John Bratcher: Okay, got it.

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John Bratcher: All right.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Well, any closing remarks. I don't see any more questions in there anything more to say thanks for speaking. I had no idea. Really, I like that chart with the starting from the beginning, you know,

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Carolyn M. Appleton: 2G, 3G, 4G, I mean, I never really understood all that

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John Bratcher: You know what, when when when kind of looking at where we at right now and and some of the capabilities like calling an Uber or things of that nature. These things know five or 10 years where we're just pipe dreams, right, you use taxi services.

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John Bratcher: Even drove my wife said, Hey you remember we move around every pay phones everywhere was last time. He's gonna pay or or anywhere. So, you know, really, really.

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John Bratcher: A mobile solution has really been interested in American economy and society can grow into it allows us to bridge gaps inequality, you know, Access for All. It's really an amazing to

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Me. Yeah, definitely.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Well okay I'm gonna say goodbye and thank you.

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Thanks, everyone.

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John Bratcher: For joining us I'm going to

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Get

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Carolyn M. Appleton: Stop my livestream there on Facebook. And then I'm going to pause my recording on zoom. So